What is a mechanical watch? What is the mechanical watch? The watch that are completely mechanical, not related to electronics. Mechanical watches use the mechanical energy generated by the movement, protect the environment, and have an everlasting life that has been worthy of passion and desire for hundreds of years.
These are watches that are powered by mechanical movements, in which mechanical movements are made up of completely mechanical components (not contain electronic components), controled by mechanical power due to the wire cot was born.
And what is a mechanical watch? Mechanical watches are another term for mechanical watches. In English, mechanical watches are called “Mechanical Watch”, mechanical movements are called “Mechanical Watch Movement”.
▬ ▬ So how many types of mechanical watches are there? Basically, there are 2 types of mechanical watches (distinguished by the mechanism): manual winding watches (Hand Winding / Hand-Wound / Manual Wind) and automatic mechanical winding watches (Automatic / Self-Winding).
▬ ▬ And below, we will learn more about: 1- Structure and Operation of Mechanical Watches; 2- Distinguishing Types of Mechanical Watches; 3- Basic Features and Features of Mechanical Watches.
Cơ The history of mechanical watches begin about the 15th century, the larger bulky watches were installed in palaces, the smaller the size became. By the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, it was nearly as complete as it is today.
The 20th century also marked the era of wristwatches, smaller, thinner movements, and developing automatic winding mechanisms. Accompanied by a violent explosion of wrist watches, water resistance, shock resistance, cracked glass, rust resistant case… also quickly.
✦ Back to mechanical watches, they include watch cases and mechanical movements. Of course, here we will talk only about the movement, which is the main thing that makes the difference between mechanical watches and battery watches (quartz watches / quartz watches).
The structure of the mechanical watch is very complicated, but basically, almost all types of mechanical watches will have the main components and operate as follows:
Winding: receives energy (due to the hand winding or handwheel automatically winding when worn) and stores energy, the energy stored in the winding will gradually transfer to the drive gears and the drive gears will Move on to other parts.
Transmission Gears: group of components responsible for transmitting the power from the burrs to other parts.
Regenerator: group of components that receive energy from the transmission gears transferred to the Oscillator and receive the energy that has been allocated regularly from the Oscillator to transmit to the Gear Hour Moment Group. The main components include Horse, Spikes, etc.
Oscillator: a group of components that are responsible for regulating (dividing evenly the “disorderly” energy from the clock into a “sufficient amount”) to rotate the needles so that the needle moves steadily every fraction of a second. The main components include: Bracelets, Hair Rope …
The Second Hour Gear Group (and many other functional gears): the components that receive energy have been divided into “evenly” parts from the Islamic and the “regular” movement, the energy transmitted from the Second Gear to Gears and then Gears Hour… from there we get Hour, Minutes, Seconds, Calendar…
When it comes to mechanical watches, it is often understood that it is a mechanical wrist watch, rarely a mechanical pocket watch, and almost never talks about desktop watches, dress watches, wall clock… mechanical movement.
Mechanical wrist watches are now divided into two main types (based on the machine): Manual winding watches and Automatic watches (automatically winding when worn). Manual winding watches require turning the dial 15-20 times a day to wind a winding; Automatic watches when worn for more than 8 hours will generate enough power to run for about 1 day.
For the Cover-type watches with revealing machine, it is possible to distinguish manual winding watches and Automatic watches by searching the Flywheel (Semi-Crescent or Quadrant), when flicking the watch, the watch will rotate , it’s an Automatic Watch. If there was no Flywheel, it was a manual winding watch.
The Automatic Watch itself is further subdivided into two more types: Automatic (worn only) and Semi-Automatic (worn or manually wound on either band). Currently, on the market most Automatic Watches are “Semi-Automatic”.
A brief description of the operating energy generation steps of a manual winding watch:
Turn the knob clockwise ► Checkmark ► Gears, Castles… move ► Clock works
A brief description of the steps for automatic energy generation of Automatic Watches:
Hands with moving watches ► Flywheels moving ► Accumulated ► Gears, Cogwheels… in motion ► Clock action
However, most modern Automatic Watches feature Manual Winding (Semi-Automatic), so they will generate energy and work as follows:
Wearing a hand clock to make the Flywheel move / Turn the knob clockwise ► Checkmark ► Gears, Gear Shake… motion ► Activity clock
✦ In general, the identification characteristics of mechanical watches are as follows: drifting hands (hands running like skipping, not moving on each rung); Pressing the ear against the watch face will hear a regular ticking sound, many models show that the machine is on the bottom or the dial, completely without changing the battery.
✦ The average power reserve operation time of a mechanical watch is about 40 hours, high-end models can range from 80 hours to a whole month. After this time, if not worn / wound, the watch will stand. The more clock ticks, the more accurate it runs.
✦ Products of reputable names often have errors ranging from -20 to +40 seconds per day. The more expensive a watch is, the error is likely to be small, if it meets the high-precision standard (Chronometer) or elaborately fine-tuned, it can be wrong just a few seconds a day.
✦ Most mechanical components are made of metal, of which some metal components will be strongly affected by the magnetic field. Therefore, we should keep the mechanical watch absolutely away from strong magnetic sources such as magnets, speakers, electronics, medical devices… otherwise the watch will run wrong “horribly” (See) more: ► how to prevent watches being magnetized).
✦ Due to a combination of many small components, mechanical watches are also sensitive to shocks, strong vibrations. Ideally, you should not wear watches when using electric saws, jackhammer… and keep them from being bumped and dropped.
✦ Finally, because it is made of metal, a material of eternity if preserved and maintained well, mechanical watches are things that can last very long, passing on descendants for generations.
◆◆ For manual winding watches and automatic watches with manual winding features: turn the knob when it is closed clockwise 15-20 times per day or twist until it feels tight / when the mechanical-watches create sound, then stopped.
◆◆ For all Automatic Watches: wear it least 8 hours per day. Wearing as many hours as possible, the Automatic Watches all feature a slip-resistant anti-slip mechanism so you don’t have to worry about this.
◆ – – – 100% pure mechanical operation of watches dating back hundreds of years, traditional time measurement, so extreme precision and comfort are impossible. like modern watches (battery watches, smart watches).
◆ – – – But it is from the soul to the mechanical body of a mechanical watch that is what makes it so loved for so many generations. Whether simple or complex mechanism, just a mechanical clock, we can feel the so-called sophistication of the rhythmic, rhythmic, regular movements.
A manual winding watch is also called a manual winding watch, a Manual Winding watch, a watch that is classified as “more traditional” than Automatic and really for enthusiasts only. and knowledgeable about the world of chronometers
What is a manual winding watch? As the name suggests, manual winding watches (manual winding / Hand Wound / Hand Winding / Manual Winding / Manually Wound) are mechanical watches that need to be manually rewinded because they do not have automatic winding mechanisms. to generate energy like an Automatic watch.
⁞⁞⁞ Before the advent of the Automatic wrist watch, a manual winding watch was the most popular time indicating device. More specifically, they exist in the form of pocket watches (pocket watches), early wristwatches and gradually become rare when Automatic (1920s), quartz popular (80s). .
⁞⁞⁞ It was not until later that the new manual winding machine was improved to be suitable for wristwatches when the prosperous era of mechanical watches returned. Today, this type of machine is popular on pocket watches, wrist watches with long reserve time, nostalgic mechanical watches, large watches (desktop, wall mounted).
⁞⁞⁞ In many ways, the Automatic watch is an evolved version of a manual winding watch. Automatic machines are more convenient and maintain more durable mechanisms so the problem of winning and losing between them has been clearly delineated by the popularity: most mechanical watches on the market are Automatic watches.
⁞⁞⁞ However, although the Automatic watch has many superior advantages, the classic-traditional element is indisputable of “manual winding”. Think, between the two types of watches, which one requires you to care more every day?
⁞⁞⁞ Therefore, the combination of the two factors “inconvenience” and “not popular” is something that makes a manual winding watch rare, collectible, commemorative, and sold at a price more expensive than automatic machines while they have a simpler construction.
≡ ≡ As mentioned above, both manual winding and automatic watches are mechanical watches, so they will use the power generated by the winding. Their differences mainly come from the “automatic winding mechanism” inside the watch movement, the Automatic YES watch, and the manual winding watch is NOT.
, ≡ So the obvious advantage of manual winding watches is that they are thinner and lighter than Automatic watches because Manual Winding machines are thinner than Automatic (usually Manual Winding thickness is only 2/3 degrees Automatic machine thickness). This thinness allows a manual winding watch to have more functions or to upgrade its winding capacity very high …
≡ ≡ In addition, the absence of a Flywheel (part of an automatic winding mechanism) will make the parts that actually “measure time” in the movement more clearly displayed. Having fewer machine parts also makes maintenance and repair of Manual Winding machines simple and quicker than Automatic ones in the long run.
≡ ≡ It is about pragmatic values, and spiritually and collectively, the production factor in small quantities due to the low demand of manual winding watches completely makes it “rare”. . Although the production cost is lower than that of Automatic watches, because of the small amount of production, the price is absolutely not anywhere else.
≡ ≡ On the other hand, the long-lasting existence of hundreds of years of hand-winding watches is also something that everyone must love. Therefore, it is not uncommon for manual winding watches to account for a very large percentage in the price segment above $ 20,000.
◆ It was not for no reason that the hand-winding watch became inferior to the Automatic watch. Obviously, every day wring on the string by turning the knob (or using the key) is very inconvenient while the Automatic watch is just worn to run.
◆ If you ever forget to wind the watch, the risk of a manual winding watch is extremely high, especially for antique machines because they have a batter time of 36 hours or less. Leaving the watch to low power is also a cause of them running less accurate.
◆ Luckily, for more modern machines (such as the extremely popular ETA 6497/6498), this problem has been improved by a cot drums with a nearly 2-day breeze, high samples. It also allows operation for a whole week, the whole month after winding up to the maximum.
◆ Therefore, if you buy a manual winding watch, you should see how long it takes to store the battery, preferably products with a 50 hours or more of time, to prevent forgotten days. turn the knob. Of course, whether the time is long or short, the one thing you must always remember is the timing of the winding.
◆ The other weakness of manual winding watches is the durability of the machine at the knob axis. Because a lot of screw wears down the core and we don’t always have to wind it properly, the knob shaft is prone to bend. At the same time, the continuous opening and unscrewing of the knob is also the cause of faster damage to the waterproof rubber.
◆ In the end, the problem is less common but “deadly” is that someday frustratingly distracted and “accidentally” twisted the screw too much, damaging the cot. Unfortunately, if it is an antique or luxury item that is limited in number because you will face the cost of repair services in the sky, even so unlucky that you cannot find spare parts for the original. .
☑ Choose a manual winding watch depending on your preference for a watch. If you want to take care of yourself every day, choose a manual winding watch. If you want a watch “mechanical” but comfortable, easy to use, automatic watches are great options.
☑ In fact, most Automatic watches today have a manual winding mechanism, so you can still feel the knob or the rotating wheel of magic power from this product, not necessarily find to manual winding watches (of course, you should refrain from doing this because they make the watch “go down” faster). In short, a manual winding watch is still a product for a passion and a collection rather than a practical use.
Wristwatches are the greatest masterpieces of “time designers”, who bring us watches that are not only accurate timekeeping but also the pride of the “owner”. In particular, among them is the Automatic watch, a machine that operates thanks to the “rubbing” of the magic gears.
Automatic watches are like a living entity and stick with users, requiring you to care about it regularly. Because if you do not pay attention, do not wind up or do not wear often watch will stop working.
Automatic Watches are winding watches due to the movement of the wearer’s arm. Based on the principle of the gravitational pull of the earth, a rotor rotates and transmits energy to the spring via an appropriate mechanism. This means that the Automatic watch does not need to be recharged manually and does not need to use the same battery as a quartz watch. The Automatic movement was invented by a Swiss Abraham-Louis Perrelet in the 18th century.
Handwinding: The type of watch that the wearer must use the hand to turn the watch’s knob to winding the watch for a specified period of time, usually in how many hours or days (depending on the time of day). each watch has a different winding number.)
Automatic (winding): The type of clock winding by movement of the wearer’s arm. Automatic watches often have a variety of jewels like 17,21,25. The most popular types of automatic watches in the world today are Switzerland and Japan.
⊕ When using automatic watches, customers should pay attention to the following issues to help the watch be durable and ensure the highest accuracy:
⊕ Do not wear the watch when bathing, swimming, going to the sauna, washing your hands with hot water, … because this will lead to the fact that water vapor enters the glass and damages the watch’s movement.
Nên Do not leave the watch in a place where the temperature is too high or too low (above 50 degrees C or below 5 degrees C).
⊕ Avoid strong contact between the watch and hard objects or drop the watch.
⊕ Don’t forget to wind down every day!
⊕ Turn the watch face down on an unused smooth cloth to help the cords keep longer.
⊕ You need to remove the watch from your hand before adjusting it, because it is easy to bend the knob when it’s on the wrist.
⊕ The allowed time difference for a Swiss standard automatic watch is ± 30 seconds / day (meaning that the watch runs 30 seconds or 30 seconds depending on the temperature environment). However, the error will not exceed 3-5 minutes / month. If your watch runs continuously with errors that exceed this threshold, it is best to take it to us for service.
⊕ The best time to adjust the winding clock is from 9: 00-15: 00. However, the best time to choose is 9h-12h.
Step 1: Gently straighten out the control knob until the control button stops. If your Automatic watch has a second hand, the second hand will stop.
Step 2: Turn the control knob so that the needle rotates clockwise.
Step 3: Adjust the punctuality, close the knob tightly closed to prevent dust and water from getting into the watch.
When your watch is not in use or you have forgotten to wind it on for 2 days, the power will run out and the watch will stop working. Before using it again, you need to wind the watch first. With the mechanical watch winding, you leave the knob in the closed state, thus turning the wheel forward for about 10 to 15 turns. With an automatic mechanical watch, you hold the watch in your hand, gently shake sideways to the sides of the watch 5 to 10 times.
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